Hip pain is a common complaint that can be caused by a wide variety of problems. Identifying the precise location of your hip pain can provide valuable clues about the underlying cause.
Problems within the hip joint itself tend to result in pain on the inside of your hip or your groin. Hip pain on the outside of your hip, upper thigh, or outer buttock is usually caused by problems with muscles, ligaments, tendons, and other soft tissues that surround your hip joint.
Our doctors can diagnose and treat a wide range of hip-related problems using conservative and surgical methods.
Common Hip Conditions
Since the hip is essential for mobility and upholds our body weight, it is highly vulnerable to several painful conditions that can affect a person’s quality of life.
Sacroiliac Joint Dysfunction
Sacroiliac (SI) joint dysfunction occurs when the SI joint becomes inflamed or misaligned. The SI joint connects the sacrum to the iliac bone of the pelvis and serves to help with shock absorption and forward and backward bending. When there is too much or too little movement in the joint, it can lead to SI joint dysfunction, which causes:
- Radiating pain down the legs
- Shooting pains in the lower back
- Limited mobility
- Loss of bladder or bowel control
Treatment for SI joint dysfunction at Performance Sports Medicine Institute will often entail pain medications, manual manipulations, supportive braces, or anti-inflammatory injections.
Femoroacetabular impingement (FAI), or hip impingement, is a condition where the ball of the joint pinches against the cup in the hip. When this occurs, the labrum can be damaged, which usually leads to stiffness and pain. There are three types of hip impingements:
- Cam impingement: occurs when the head of the femur is not round
- Pincer impingement: develops when the socket has extra bone that extends over the head of the femur
- Combined impingement: when both cam and pincer impingement are present
FAI typically forms during childhood, but it may also arise in athletes who compete in sports with frequent twisting or squatting. To soothe the discomfort associated with this condition, your orthopedic specialist at Performance Sports Medicine Institute may suggest conservative treatment options or surgery to address the damaged tissues in the hip and the irregular shape of the bone structures.
Treatments for Hip Conditions
There are a variety of nonsurgical treatment options for the above hip conditions. Among the most effective non-invasive treatment techniques include:
- Physical therapy
- Activity modification
- Injections: intra-articular, psoas, or trochanteric bursa injections
- Ice or heat therapy
- Over-the-counter pain relievers
When conservative methods are not successful at relieving hip pain, your sports medicine specialist may recommend surgical intervention.
A hip arthroscopy is a minimally-invasive procedure that utilizes a specialized endoscope, or arthroscope, to examine the interior of the joint. The arthroscope is attached to a fiber-optic video camera that transmits to a high-definition monitor, which allows the orthopedic surgeon to view and repair the structures in the hip. With a hip arthroscopy, you will have shorter recovery times, less muscle and tissue damage, and a lower amount of pain postoperative. Some hip procedures that can be performed arthroscopically include:
- Labral debridement
- Labral refixation
- Partial psoas release
Performance Sports Medicine Institute offers hip resurfacing as part of a comprehensive approach to treating hip pain and helping patients maintain their active lifestyles. Hip resurfacing is a surgical procedure that serves as an alternative to total hip replacement. It’s designed to relieve hip pain and improve hip function by replacing the damaged surface of the hip joint while preserving more of the patient’s natural bone structure. This procedure is typically done when other nonsurgical interventions, such as physical therapy and medications, cannot provide pain relief.